The original exercise helps people recognize wordy sentences written in the passive voice. Here is an example of a sentence written in active voice: Here is an example of the same sentence written in passive voice: Deciding whether a windup is necessary or not depends on the context.
In the left-hand margin, write down the topic of each paragraph. This exercise is useful for either difficult texts that you must read, or as a way to revise your work for organization and clarity.
Example before applying the reverse paramedic method: Eliminate any unnecessary prepositions. When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice.
The feline cell line W9 was used to evaluate cell growth in the presence of growth factor. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission.
This resource will help you write clear, concise sentences while remaining in the passive voice. Eliminate any unnecessary slow wind-ups. Passive voice is usually used in scientific writing because the emphasis is placed on what was done rather than on who did it. Procedure for the Reverse Paramedic Method Circle the prepositions.
At 48 hours, cells were harvested from the culture dish and counted using hemocytometer. When printing this page, you must include the entire legal notice. Active voice is a structure of writing that emphasizes the doer and uses active verbs rather than forms of the verb "to be" see above.
Passive voice does not emphasize the doer and may even use past tense. You may also notice that paragraphs should be shifted after completing this step. The purpose of this exercise is to teach students to emphasize the experiment rather than the researchers.
The action of the sentence describes what who is doing what to whom.
Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. We used a hemocytometer. Identify any references to the researchers the doer.
When reading, these notes should work as quick references for future study or in-class discussion. Reverse outlining follows a two-step, repeatable process: Activity Prepare for the activity by asking students to bring in a sample of their writing from a current assignment, or provide students with the example below.
When reading, these notes allow you to follow the logic of the essay, making it easier for you to analyze or discuss later. A preposition is any word or group of words that relates a noun or pronoun to another word in a sentence.
When revising your own work, these notes should tell you if each paragraph fits in the overall organization of your paper. The subject of the sentence is the person or thing doing the action.
Active and passive voice: Note that the doer Morgan precedes the verb attended. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission.
Some assignments ask you to read and analyze complex information. This adaptation reverses one purpose of the activity and assists in recognizing and implementing passive voice, which is often used in scientific writing. Be brief, particularly when rereading your own work.
In the right-hand margin, write down how the paragraph topic advances the overall argument of the text. At 48 hours, we harvested cells from the cell culture dish and counted. Passive voice is used quite often in scientific writing.Sequence for Academic Writing, A, 3rd Edition.
Laurence Behrens, University of California, Santa Barbara The Reverse Outline. Stage 6: Editing. Editing for Style Practicing Academic Writing.
The Assignments. Summary. Paraphrase. This reverse method should still help writers make sentences less wordy and more concise. Activity Prepare for the activity by asking students to bring in a sample of their writing from a current assignment, or provide students with the example below.
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The Purdue University Online Writing Lab serves writers from around the world and the Purdue University Writing Lab helps writers on Purdue's campus. A Sequence for Academic Writing New York • San Francisco • Boston The Reverse Outline BOX: Characteristics of Good Papers Stage 5: Editing Editing for Style Editing for Correctness BOX: Common Sentence-Level Errors Spell-Check and Grammar-Check A Sequence for Academic Writing SEVENTH EDITION Laurence Behrens University of California, Santa Barbara Leonard J.
Rosen Bentley University Hudson Street, NY NYDownload