The dynamics of the cultivation process. He argues that the conventional paradigm is focused on domination not cooperation, but the use of domination as the primary measure of success is inconsistent with the needs of people, organizations, and states.
Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations. Kim, in Identity and intercultural communication her theory to interethnic communication, points out that "many of the major conflicts today are being fought within states, engendered by issues of ethnicity--from the long-festering conflicts in places like Northern Ireland and South Africa to the new or renewed violence erupting in the Balkans and beyond" Kim, Culture and interpersonal communication.
In the end, they are the ones who can bridge divisions along ethnic lines, who can help make interethnic communication work, and whose work is vitally needed to create a community among divergent identities" Kim, Wilson provided clear evidence that acculturation is required upon returning home following an exchange student experience.
Competent communication is an interaction that is seen as effective in achieving certain rewarding objectives in a way that is also related to the context in which the situation occurs. As our world becomes more technologically connected and capable, it also shrinks.
Another example is when the Europeans moved to the United States. News interest of immigrants in Hawaii. This adaptation process not only makes the individual more effective in the new culture, but also brings aspects of the old culture into the new, changing it as well.
An area for additional research remains. An approach to intercultural communication 2nd ed. May Learn how and when to remove this template message Identity management theory also frequently referred to as IMT is an intercultural communication theory from the s.
Communication and cultural insularity: Erving Goffman is an author off of which the originators of IMT based their theory. Third Culture Building Fred Casmir takes a different approach to intercultural communication. If the danger in a fear appeal appears to be manageable, the preferred adaptive response of the individual is to take action to reduce the danger.
Conceptualization, paradigm building, and methodological approaches. Studies prior to the s viewed acculturation as a one way street, with a common endpoint for all immigrants. His alternative to the existing model takes the form of a proposal that compares the conventional social scientific paradigm to the functional needs of people, organizations, and states.
Theoretical Clarifications to Emphasize Cultural Diversity The theory of acculturation has been adapted to include contemporary concepts of culture and cultural adaptation that maintain a level of individual ethnicity far beyond the temporal point of initial acculturation.
Sueda, Kiyoko, and Wiseman, Richard L. Cultures are valued and maintained for their inherent value as well as their value of diversity to the world. If needs at home can be met by seeking out goods in foreign lands, those needs are met by the modern clipper ships of commerce, the airliners.
Casmir explains that the use of the domination model is based on the Western view of argument and rhetoric. A common past reduces misunderstanding.
Times, model has been abandoned by most contemporary theorists. Where can the international organization go to find guidance? Casmir rejects the domination paradigm in favor of a cooperative intercultural approach that results in the formation of a mutually beneficial "third culture. The author was implying that oftentimes the defense mechanism is to retract from showing your self to much in a social setting so others do not see them in a displeasing way.
This approach has not always been successful. These individuals have been able to achieve a calm intercultural identity even though their initial stress levels were high.
Their work indicates that "sojourners consistently reported that expectations were met or positively violated" Martin et al, Comparative studies of sojourner adjustment.
On the contrary, Kim maintains that "acculturation is a natural process of adaptation of an individual who has been socialized in one culture and moves to another culture. Intercultural adaptation, In M. This results in more opportunity, but adds the challenge of adapting to a new culture with new rules, norms and expectations.
This anxiety and the resulting stress is expected to drive the individual toward uncertainty reduction, and eventual acculturation and comfort in the new milieu.
Her ethnographic studies have focused on successful experiences, not unsuccessful ones. Other examples of the most upwardly mobile immigrants being those that reported the highest stress levels are somewhat consistent with the observations of Jin K.Identity and Intercultural Communication Editor(s): Nicoleta The search for identity is a continuous challenge in the global world: from personal identity to social, national, European or professional identities, each person experiences nowadays a multi-dimensional self-representation.
Placing the topic against an intercultural background. Identity and Intercultural Communication To begin the concept of identity and intercultural communication, one should first understand the concept of identity.
In this chapter, Identity is developed or created by the development of “self” In other words, our self-concept, in spurts, through communication over a long period of time.
24 Yabo Li: Cultural Identity in Intercultural Communication dimensions. Internal cultural identity refers to the cultural identity: by means of a common, glorious history and cultural. Intercultural communication (or cross-cultural communication) is a discipline that studies communication across different cultures and social groups, or how culture affects communication.
It describes the wide range of communication processes and problems that naturally appear within an organization or social context made up of individuals.
Cultural Identity and Intercultural Communication: An Interdisciplinary Research Approach Manuel NORONHA English Language Centre University of Macau, Macau. Cultural identity is a ubiquitous concept in intercultural communication and across social science disciplines.
Based on a review of a broad range of literature addressing issues of cultural identity, this article describes how the pluralistic turn in ideology in American society at large and the blurring of boundaries between academic research and social .Download