This is the first ASEAN level meeting where human rights during capture, investigation and detention is discussed in depth.
Incitizens of those 12 countries began using euro banknotes and coins. Ratification of the Treaty on European Union: It is the only institution that can propose legislation in European Community law, and as such, a large proportion of its documents relate to the legislative process.
The negotiation of each treaty has been preceded by an inter-governmental conference IGC involving parliamentary representatives, civil servants and heads of government from each country involved. The Secretariat, recommended both the creation of a common market for goods and services and a union in the field of nuclear energy.
Because the proceedings of the institutions and of legislative or treaty negotiations have always been multi-lingual, many documents will only be available in French or German, although official documents were often translated into English even before the United Kingdom joined the European Economic Community in Although rejected in a referendum held in Ireland inthe Lisbon Treaty was finally ratified by all member states and came into force on January 1st Green Papers concern specific policy areas and are generally used to launch a consultation process with interested individuals and organisations.
Although some public statements from these conferences are available, no comprehensive collection of documents exists except for the originals deposited in the official archives.
However, the Council focused primarily on values - human rights and democracy - rather than on economic or trade issues, and was always envisaged as a forum where sovereign governments could choose to work together, with no supra-national authority. Thus, inclusion of basic intelligence on the EU has been deemed appropriate as a separate entity in The World Factbook.
In an attempt to remedy this situation, the Secretariat General of the Commission launched a comprehensive website containing all the background documents since and listing each proposal alongside its assessment. Success in tracing working papers depends to a great extent on how Study on intergovernmental institutions in the european union a reference has been given and whether a document has ever had an official status.
President also said that in order for women to progress and contribute at work and in society, there is a need to have a shift in mindset on how women in various stages of life are treated in employment, as well as perceptions of caregiving responsibilities at home.
In view of the rapidly ageing population in the region, and the vulnerability of older women in society, speakers and participants also touched on the importance of equipping and empowering older women with the right tools that will enable them to gain access or return to the marketplace, so that they can be self-reliant, remain active, and are able to live meaningfully in their sunset years.
Where reports are extremely long it is now normal practice to issue them only in English with a separate executive summary in English, French and German. This catalogue ceased publication in Inthe first direct elections to the European Parliament were held.
Working documents are produced by all these institutions and are widely available. The s saw further membership expansion with Greece joining in and Spain and Portugal in In other language versions, these are translated as green and white books, although the term is unfamiliar in other countries.
Ratification of the Single European Act: Although many documents relating to the early treaties have been deposited in the official archives, they are not generally available in any other form.
White Papers are documents containing proposals for Community action, and are generally used for consultation before specific proposals for legislation are made. All information relating to the Charter is available here. A new currency, the euro, was launched in world money markets on 1 January ; it became the unit of exchange for all EU member states except Denmark, Sweden, and the UK.
These annual reports now generally appear as straightforward serial publications, with ISSN International Standard Serial Number identification as well as individual catalogue numbers.
An effort to establish a "Constitution for Europe," growing out of a Convention held infoundered when it was rejected in referenda in France and the Netherlands in This is the second joint collaborative project between the AICHR and ACWC, and the first project that promotes and protect the rights of women through economic empowerment.
They also agreed on the need to encourage women to tap on new technologies and embrace lifelong learning, so that they are equipped and ready to ride on new trends in the marketplace including the fourth industrial revolution.
A meeting of the European Council held in Cologne in June called for an IGC to suggest changes necessary to prepare to welcome countries from the former Communist bloc, as well as Cyprus and Malta, into the European Union.
Any research or action programmes financed from the EU budget are legally required to present an official report to the institutions after the end of the financial term of the programme; progress and mid-term reports are also becoming more common.
Proposals in European Union law relating to foreign and security policy or to judicial and police cooperation normally originate either in the member states or in the Council of the European Union. The next major change to the treaty, the Single European Act ofdid not involve an inter-governmental conference, but was the subject of wide debate throughout Europe.
These are internal documents of the Commission, many of which are not publicly available, although some may be found on the websites of individual Directorates-General. Following the two devastating World Wars in the first half of the 20th century, a number of far-sighted European leaders in the late s sought a response to the overwhelming desire for peace and reconciliation on the continent.
Seven countries have since joined.
Two useful guides, How the European Union works and Europe in 12 lessons, can be downloaded from Europa. It finally submitted its recommendations, controversially, as a Draft Constitutional Treaty.
Contributions to these conferences fall into several categories:London is a leading international financial market and the UK is pre-eminent in developing new approaches to financial regulation. The LSE has been at the academic forefront in interdisciplinary thinking about financial regulation and practice.
UPDATE: European Union – A Guide to Tracing Working Documents. By Patrick Overy. Patrick Overy was Subject Librarian for Law and Business at the University of Exeter, and managed the European Documentation Centre at Exeter from to He has been involved in European information networks at national and international levels, especially through the now defunct European.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe. It has an area of 4, km 2 (1, sq mi) and an estimated population of over million. The EU has developed an internal single market through a standardised system of laws that apply in all member states in those matters.
UNITED NATIONS OFFICE ON DRUGS AND CRIME Vienna Comprehensive Study on Cybercrime Draft February UNITED NATIONS New York, TPOL S Introduction to Globalization (5) I&S Provides an introduction to the debates over globalization. Focuses on the growth and intensification of global ties.
Addresses the resulting inequalities and tensions, as well as the new opportunities for cultural and political exchange.
Topics. The European Union has concluded free trade agreements (FTAs) and other agreements with a trade component with many countries worldwide and is .Download